The English Coonhound also known as the American English Coonhoundor the Redtick Coonhound, is a breed of dog. It is a type of coonhound that is typically bred in the Southern United States.
The breed traces its ancestry from Foxhounds brought to the United States by European settlers during the 17th and 18th centuries. It shares a common ancestry with all other coonhounds with the exception of the Plott Hound.
The breed developed from the “Virginia Hounds”, which were developed over time from dogs imported to the United States by Robert Brooke, Thomas Walker and first President of the United States, George Washington.
The dogs had to adapt to more rigorous terrain, with the breed being specifically bred over time to suit these new conditions.Male English Coonhounds measure between 22–27 inches (56–69 cm) at the withers, with females being slightly smaller at 21–25 inches (53–64 cm). The weight of a Coonhound should be in proportion to the dog’s height.
Their coats come in three distinct colors and patterns. The most common is the “redtick” pattern (like the dog pictured above), while others include tricolor markings with ticks, and a “bluetick” pattern. Members of the breed in the bluetick pattern can be confused with Bluetick Coonhounds. The coat itself is short to medium in length and hard to the touch.
Like most other coonhounds, the American English Coonhound can trace its ancestry from Foxhounds. The Virginia Hounds brought over to the U.S. were crossed with American Foxhounds.
This was in an effort to increase the breed’s endurance and versatility. Since they were hunting dogs that would trap animals in trees, the American English Coonhound was also crossed with Bloodhounds, which have the best noses in the canine world.
It is interesting to note that both the Treeing Walker and Bluetick Hounds were also called American English Coonhounds. That all changed in 1945, when it was decided that the two would be considered separate breeds.
To train your American English Coonhound, you’ll need to possess a kind but firm hand. As the leader of the pack, you should always remain maintain calm, confident, and assert consistent authority when training.
The American English Coonhound is easily distracted and likes to learn at its own pace, you may find that it will take more time, repetition and patience. Some American English Coonhounds have a one-track mind – they’ll only be interested in hunting and treeing its prey. With these types of dogs, use extra motivation in order to instill basic obedience skills.
Since it’s a Coonhound, this breed is quite loud. In fact, the American English Coonhound’s bark is more of a hound dog howl and it is ear-piercing. Don’t expect just one bark – this breed is known for a long series of howls that seem to go on and on.
They will let out a howl if they are on the trail of prey and if a stranger comes to the door. If you live in an urban environment or have close neighbors, you may get a few noise complaints. The American English likes to chew anything it can, so don’t leave anything lying around that you’d like to see remain intact.
This breed can be afraid of loud noises, such as fireworks, slamming doors and thunder. The American English Coonhound is curious and will sniff and eat items left out on the counter.