It is a social wasp in the family Vespidae.
They are native to the United States from Texas to Florida, north to New York, and west to Nebraska.
They have also been found in Bermuda and Canada, where they are considered non-native.
The wasp’s common name is due to the reddish-brown colour of its head and body.
Polistes Carolina is also known to construct some of the enormous nests of any wasp species and prefers to build their nests in well-protected spaces.