He served as Belgian politician, senator, mayor of Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, and professor of economic history at the Université Libre de Bruxelles.
Philippe Moureaux held the honorary title of Minister of State and was a member of the Order of Leopold II and the Order of Leopold.
Philippe Moureaux’s initial government job was a Minister of the Interior and Institutional Reform in the government of Wilfried Martens (Martens III) in 1980.
Moureaux’s name was attached to the loi contre le racisme et la xénophobie (Law against Racism and Xenophobia) of 30 July 1981 as he was then serving as Minister of Justice.
During 1993, after resigning from the Federal Government, his’ s coalition defeated the incumbent mayor of Molenbeek Léon Spiegel at the 1994 council elections.
A vital part of Moureaux’s campaign, then and since, was the involvement of ethnic minorities in the campaign, Mariem Bouselmati of Ecology being the first Belgian of Moroccan origin elected in Molenbeek.
During 2004, as a senator, he submitted the law granting the right of foreigners to vote in municipal elections.
But, his attempts at revitalizing the municipality have not been successful.
An example was the withdrawal of BBDO in June 2011 from the town.
Because of that, some serious questions have been raised about governance, security, and the administration of Mayor Moureaux.
Philippe Moureaux passed away at 79 years old.