Ismail Amat was born in September 1935, in Qira County, Hotan Prefecture, Xinjiang, and died on October 16, 2018.
He was an Uyghur politician of China.
He served as Chairman (Governor) of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, State Councilor, Vice-Chairman of the National People’s Congress, and Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC.
Amat was the highest-ranking Uyghur and one of the most sophisticated Muslim politicians in the history of the People’s Republic of China.
Amat’s parents were Uyghur peasants.
From 1952 to 1954, Amat took part in the land reform movement in his hometown and joined the Communist Party of China in 1953.
He was elected magistrate of Qira County, during 1954
From 1972–1985 Ismail Amat was head of the Organization Department of the CPC Xinjiang Autonomous Regional Committee and Vice-Chairman of the Xinjiang Autonomous Regional Revolutionary Committee.
Amat was the Chairman (Governor) of Xinjiang from 1979 to 1985.
During 1988 he became Vice-Chairman of the 7th National Committee of the CPPCC.
He was a member of the 10th to 16th CPC Central Committees.
He passed away in Beijing at 83 years old.