Ralf Winkler was born on October 5, 1939, in Dresden, Germany and died on May 2, 2017, in Zürich.
He was a German painter, printmaker, sculptor, and jazz drummer.
His alias includes A. R. Penck, Mike Hammer, T. M., Mickey Spilane, Theodor Marx, “a. Y.” or just “Y”.
He lived and worked in Berlin, Düsseldorf, Dublin and New York City.
A. R. Penck passed away at 77 years old.